Generally speaking every state will have state specific laws that control what you should and shouldn’t do as cyclists. However, each city may further regulate the state laws. Every cyclist should know and understand the Arizona bicycle laws as well as the Flagstaff Arizona bicycle laws.

Below is the text from the Flagstaff Arizona Municipal code showing the various Flagstaff Arizona bike laws:

 

CHAPTER 9-05
BICYCLES

SECTIONS:

9-05-001-0001    APPLICATION OF PROVISIONS

9-05-001-0002    DEFINITIONS

9-05-001-0003    TRAFFIC LAWS APPLY

9-05-001-0004    RIDING ON BICYCLES

9-05-001-0005    EQUIPMENT

9-05-001-0006    RIDING ON ROADWAYS AND BICYCLE LANES

9-05-001-0007    RIDING ON SIDEWALKS

9-05-001-0008    RIDING ON PATHS

9-05-001-0009    BICYCLE REGISTRATION

9-05-001-0010    BICYCLE HELMETS/PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

9-05-001-0001 APPLICATION OF PROVISIONS

A.    The parent of a child and the guardian of a ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit the child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this Chapter.

B.    The regulations of this Chapter in their application to bicycles shall apply when a bicycle is operated upon any roadway, path, or sidewalk subject to those exceptions stated in this Chapter.

C.    The regulations of this Chapter shall not apply to exempt vehicles when they are used for the purposes for which they are intended.

(Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0002 DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this Chapter:

A.    “Bicycle” means a device, including a racing wheelchair, that is propelled by human power and on which a person may ride and that has either:

1.    Two tandem wheels, either of which is more than sixteen inches in diameter.

2.    Three wheels in contact with the ground, any of which is more than sixteen inches in diameter.

B.    “Skateboard” means a platform mounted on wheels that is propelled by human power.

C.    “Play vehicle” means a coaster, rollerskates, scooter, roller ski, child’s tricycle, unicycle, sled, toboggan, or any other non-motorized device with wheels, rollers or rails upon which a person may ride.

D.    “Exempt vehicles,” when used for the purposes for which they are intended, means wagons, wheelchairs, and strollers or other devices designed and used for the purpose of transporting children, infants, physically challenged, or incapacitated persons, or carts or other devices intended and used for transporting merchandise or materials.

E.    “Ride or riding” means operating a bicycle; either wholly or partially sitting, standing or lying upon a bicycle, skateboard or play vehicle by a person whether such bicycle, skateboard or play vehicle is in motion or stationary.

F.    “Roadway” means all of the improved portion of a street which is intended for vehicular travel or parking.

G.    “Bicycle lane” means that portion of the roadway striped and designated for the exclusive use of bicycles.

H.    “Path” means a shared-use pathway designed and intended for the use of bicycles, pedestrians, and other non-motorized users that is physically separated from the roadway.

I.    “Sidewalk” means that portion of a street that is between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines that is intended for the use of pedestrians.

(Ord. No. 1848, Amended, 12/06/94; Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0003 TRAFFIC LAWS APPLY

Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway is granted all the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this Chapter, except as to special regulations in this Chapter and except as to those provisions of this Chapter which by their nature can have no application.

(Ord. No. 2011-26, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0004 RIDING ON BICYCLES

A.    A person riding a bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.

B.    No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.

C.    No person riding upon any bicycle, skateboard or play vehicle shall attach the same or themselves to any vehicle upon a roadway.

D.    No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package or article which prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand upon the handlebars.

E.    No person shall operate a bicycle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the circumstances, conditions and actual and potential hazards then existing, or in excess of the posted speed limit.

(Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0005 EQUIPMENT

A.    Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least five hundred feet (500′) to the front and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the Arizona Department of Transportation, which shall be visible from all distances from fifty feet (50′) to three hundred feet (300′) to the rear, when directly in front of lawful upper beams of headlamps on motor vehicles. A lamp on the rear emitting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet (500′) to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.

B.    Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to make the braked wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement.

(Ord. 903, 11-9-73; Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0006 RIDING ON ROADWAYS AND BICYCLE LANES

A.    A person riding a bicycle on the roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except under any of the following situations:

1.    If overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction.

2.    If preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.

3.    If reasonably necessary to avoid conditions, including fixed or moving objects, parked or moving vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians, animals, snow and ice, or surface hazards.

4.    If the lane in which the person is operating the bicycle is too narrow for a bicycle and a vehicle to travel side by side within the lane.

5.    When proceeding straight, through an area where a right-turn is permitted, in order to avoid conflicts with right-turning vehicles.

B.    When parking is allowed along the roadway, then the “right side of the roadway” shall be deemed to be to the left of any parked vehicles or parking lane, including the area occupied by open car doors, or to the right of any parked vehicles or parking lane on the left side of one-way streets.

C.    Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two (2) abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.

(Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0007 RIDING ON SIDEWALKS

A.    Where signs are erected giving notice thereof, no person shall ride a bicycle, skateboard, or play vehicle upon a sidewalk. This prohibition shall also apply to any bicycle, skateboard or play vehicle which is equipped with or assisted by a motor. Signs prohibiting such activity shall be installed at locations as directed by the Office of the Traffic Engineer.

B.    A person riding a bicycle, skateboard, or play vehicle upon any public sidewalk shall be subject to the following provisions:

1.    A person riding a bicycle, skateboard, or play vehicle on a sidewalk shall yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians and exempt vehicles.

2.    Such person shall give an audible signal before overtaking and passing any pedestrian or exempt vehicle traveling in the same direction on the sidewalk.

3.    No person shall operate a bicycle on a sidewalk at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the circumstances, conditions and actual and potential hazards then existing.

C.    Penalty. Violation of any of the provisions of 9-05-001-0007 by any person shall be a civil traffic offense punishable by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) nor more than seventy-five dollars ($75.00) for each offense.

(Ord. No. 1848, Amended, 12/06/94; Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0008 RIDING ON PATHS

A.    A person riding a bicycle, skateboard, or play vehicle on a path shall yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians and exempt vehicles.

B.    Such person shall give an audible signal before overtaking and passing any pedestrian or exempt vehicle traveling in the same direction on the path.

(Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0009 BICYCLE REGISTRATION

The Chief of Police, or his or her designee, is hereby authorized and directed to issue, upon written application, bicycle registration tags. The Chief of Police shall designate and provide tags for the use of the registrant, direct the manner of placing such tags on the bicycles by the registrants, and keep a record of the name of the registrant, the number of the tag, the date of issuance of the tag, and pertinent information about the bicycle. A fee may be charged for registration and the tag.

(Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)

9-05-001-0010 BICYCLE HELMETS/PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

A.    It shall be unlawful for any person under eighteen (18) years of age to operate or ride upon a bicycle on any highway, street, road, sidewalk, bike-way or trail, unless that person wears a protective helmet that is properly fitted and fastened.

B.    No parent or guardian of any unemancipated minor under eighteen (18) years of age shall knowingly allow the minor to violate this section.

C.    Violation of this section shall constitute a civil traffic offense and shall be punishable by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) nor more than seventy-five dollars ($75.00) for each offense.

D.    The first time a person is charged with a violation of this section the Court may dismiss the charge upon presentation of evidence that the person has purchased or obtained a protective helmet.

E.    For purposes of this section “protective bicycle helmet” means a helmet containing a manufacturer’s certification that it meets the standards of either the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), or the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).

F.    Except as authorized by A.R.S. § 28-1599, a violation of this ordinance cannot be used as evidence of negligence or comparative negligence in a subsequent civil or criminal proceeding.

(Amended Ord. No. 2009-13, 06/02/2009; Amended Ord. 2010-22, 09/07/10; Ord. No. 2011-26, Amended, 12/20/2011)