Generally speaking every state will have state specific laws that control what you should and shouldn’t do as cyclists. However, each city may further regulate the state laws. Every cyclist should know and understand the Arizona bicycle laws as well as the Phoenix Arizona bicycle laws.
Below is the text from the Phoenix Municipal code or city laws regulating bicycles. It is taken out of Article 36 of the Phoenix Municipal Code:
Chapter 36, Article IX
Bicycle: A device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels either of which is more than sixteen inches in diameter and including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels.
Owner: A person who holds the legal title to a bicycle, or if the bicycle is the subject of a lease or an agreement for the conditional sale thereof, with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or leasee, or if a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then such lessee, conditional vendee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner.
(Code 1962, §§ 11-1, 37-1.03)
Cross reference—Bicycles in public parks, § 24-43.
State Law reference—Bicycles generally, A.R.S. § 28-811 et seq.; local authority relative to bicycles, A.R.S. § 28-627(A)(8).
Every owner of a bicycle, before the same shall be operated on any of the streets, alleys or public highways in the City, shall obtain a license from the Division of Licenses.
(Code 1962, § 11-2)
The license provided for in section 36-98 shall be valid for the life of the bicycle unless there is a change of ownership. All bicycle licenses shall be appurtenant to the specific bicycle for which issued, and no other, and may not be transferred to or used on any other bicycle.
(Code 1962, § 11-3; Ord. No. G-950, § 4)
(a) Application for the license shall be made by the owner of the bicycle to the Division of Licenses, and the license shall not be issued until the application has been approved by the Police Department. Upon the licensing of a new or used bicycle, the date of sale by the dealer, rebuilder or person to the party first operating such bicycle shall be recorded by the Police Department.
(b) When the bicycle is or special construction or is reconstructed, such fact shall be stated in the application. The Police Department may refuse to approve a license for a specially constructed or reconstructed bicycle which is considered dangerous and a hazard to public safety.
(Code 1962, § 11-4)
For each license required by section 36-98, a charge of fifty cents shall be made.
(Code 1962, § 11-5)
The Division of Licenses shall furnish to every owner whose bicycle shall be properly licensed a number plate which shall have displayed upon it the license number assigned to the bicycle and to the owner. The Police Department shall require the return of all number plates upon the termination of their lawful use.
(Code 1962, § 11-6)
Number plates on bicycles shall be permanently fastened to the bicycle so as to be clearly legible and readable.
(Code 1962, § 11-7)
In the event any number plate is lost, destroyed or mutilated so as not to be legible, the owner of such license plate shall immediately make application to the Division of Licenses and shall be issued a duplicate plate upon approval of such application by the Police Department and upon the payment of the fee, as provided in section 36-101.
(Code 1962, § 11-8)
Number plates shall not be transferable from one bicycle to another.
(Code 1962, § 11-9)
(a) When the owner of a licensed bicycle transfers or assigns his ownership or interest therein or when his ownership or interest is transferred by legal proceedings, the transferee, before operating or permitting the operating of such bicycle, shall first report the transfer to the Police Department. A charge of fifty cents shall be made for this transfer.
(b) Every person who disposes of a bicycle, whether by sale, lease or otherwise, to any person other than a manufacturer or dealer, shall immediately give written notice of such sale or transfer to the Police Department, which notice shall contain the date of such transfer, the names and addresses of the transferee and the transferor, and such description of the bicycle as may be required, on a form which shall be provided by the Police Department.
(Code 1962, § 11-10)
The Police Department may stamp such identifying numbers upon the frame and removable parts of licensed bicycles as in their discretion is practicable.
(Code 1962, § 11-11)
DIVISION 2. OPERATION
No person shall operate a bicycle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under the conditions then existing.
(Code 1962, § 11-12)
Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating that no right or left or U-turn is permitted, no person operating a bicycle shall disobey the direction of any such sign, except where such person dismounts from the bicycle to make any such turn, in which event he shall do so at the curb and shall then obey the regulations applicable to pedestrians.
(Code 1962, § 37-25.01)
The operator of a bicycle emerging from an alley, driveway, or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk or the sidewalk area extending across such alley, driveway, or building exit, yield the right-of-way to all pedestrians approaching on said sidewalk or sidewalk area, and upon entering the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on said roadway.
(Code 1962, § 37-25.02)
Where authorized signs are erected on a sidewalk or roadway prohibiting the riding of bicycles thereon, no person shall disobey such signs.
(Code 1962, § 37-25.04)
Whenever any person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk he shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian.
(Code 1962, § 37-25.05)
Bicycles may be parked in or near the roadway only under the following conditions or circumstances: upon the roadway against the curb; upon the sidewalk in a rack to support the bicycle; against a building; or at the curb in such manner as to afford the least obstruction to pedestrian traffic.
(Code 1962, § 37-25.06)
The penalty for using a bicycle without the owner’s consent shall be in accordance with State law.
(Code 1962, § 11-15)
State law reference—Theft, A.R.S. § 13-1802.
Every person propelling a pushcart or any device propelled by human power and having one or more wheels sixteen or more inches in diameter, shall be subject to all provisions of this chapter applicable to the driver of any vehicle, except those provisions which by their very nature can have no application.
(Code 1962, § 37-25.08)
State law reference—Applicability of traffic laws to bicycles, A.R.S. § 28-812.
No person upon roller skates or riding in or by means of any coaster, toy vehicle or similar device, shall go upon any roadway except while crossing a street in a crosswalk and, when so crossing, such person shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to pedestrians, and the use of such devices shall be prohibited in any business district.
(Code 1962, § 37-25.07)
DIVISION 3. ABANDONED BICYCLES1
All abandoned bicycles coming into the hands of the Police Department and remaining unclaimed by the owner thereof for a period of thirty days shall be disposed of by public sale or returned to the finder claiming an interest as provided herein.
(Code 1962, § 11-16; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
Cross reference—Disposition of unclaimed money and personal property, § 2-301 et seq.
State Law reference—Abandoned vehicles, A.R.S. § 28-4801 et seq.; local abandoned vehicle ordinances, A.R.S. § 28-4833.
After the expiration of thirty days as provided in section 36-118 and before any abandoned bicycle is sold or otherwise disposed of, the Police Department shall prepare and serve a notice of disposition which shall contain the following information:
(a) A brief description of the bicycle including the make, size and color.
(b) The name and address of the owner and/or finder of the bicycle, if known.
(c) The dates wherein the owner or finder must claim and take possession of the bicycle, as provided herein.
(d) The proposed disposition of the bicycle.
(Code 1962, § 11-17; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
If the name and address of the owner and/or finder claiming an interest in an abandoned bicycle are known, service of the notice of disposition shall be accomplished by mailing a copy thereof, by ordinary mail, to said address. Service shall be complete upon mailing. If the name and address of the owner and/or finder claiming an interest are not known, service of the notice of disposition shall be by one publication of said notice of disposition in the official newspaper of the City.
(Code 1962, § 11-18; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
(a) The owner shall have twenty days after service of the notice of disposition within which to claim the bicycles. If the owner fails to claim and take possession of the bicycle within the twenty-day period, the bicycle shall be returned to the finder claiming an interest.
(b) If the owner fails to claim and take possession of the bicycle within the time specified in subsection (a) of this section, the bicycle shall be returned to the finder claiming an interest if claimed within an additional ten-day period.
(Code 1962, § 11-19; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
(a) Upon failure of the owner or finder to claim and take possession of an abandoned bicycle within the periods prescribed by this division, the bicycle shall be sold at public auction, by the Police Department to the highest bidder for cash.
(b) All monies received from such sale shall be paid to the City Treasurer and deposited immediately into the general fund.
(Code 1962, § 11-20; Ord. No. G-1154, § 1; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
Should any person, within six months after the day of the sale of a bicycle, make claim to such bicycle, such sum of money as may be in the hands of the City Treasurer, less the sale and advertising costs, which has been derived from the sale, shall be paid over to such claimant upon proof of his right to receive the same. In no event shall any claim be considered unless it shall be presented to the City Treasurer in writing, under oath, and before the expiration of six months from the date of sale.
(Code 1962, § 11-21; Ord. No. G-1154, § 1; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
On delivery to any purchaser of any bicycle sold under the provisions of this division, the Director of the Police Department shall execute to such purchaser a certificate of sale of such bicycle, which certificate shall describe the bicycle in the same manner as in the notice of disposition and shall recite the date of sale. Such certificate shall pass the title to the bicycle to the purchaser.
(Code 1962, § 11-22; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2; Ord. No. G-5444, § 3, adopted 10-21-2009, eff. 11-20-2009)
Each person performing any act in accordance with the provisions of this division shall make an affidavit thereof, which shall be prima facie evidence of the facts contained in the affidavit.
(Code 1962, § 11-23; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
The Police Department shall keep a complete record of all bicycles taken into possession, which records shall contain a copy of the notice of disposition; a copy of the certificate of sale; the name and address of the purchaser and the amount paid by him; a statement of the costs of sale and advertising; the original affidavits provided for in section 36-125; and a copy of any letters or matters pertaining to the sale as required by this division. Such records shall at all times be open to the public inspection.
(Code 1962, § 11-24; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)
On and after January 1, 1979, no City officer or employee may claim property as a finder or purchase lost or unclaimed property sold in accordance with this division.
(Code 1962, § 11-25; Ord. No. G-1784, § 2)